Language Ideology, Policy and Planning in Peru

Author: Serafín M. Coronel-Molina

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Multilingual Matters
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234mm x 156mm
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This book explores the role of language academies in preserving and revitalizing minority or endangered languages. The author studies the controversial High Academy of the Quechua Language (HAQL) in Peru, the efficacy of which has been questioned by some experts. The book delves into the positions, attitudes, ideologies and practices of the HAQL and the role it has played in language policy and planning in the Andean region. The author uses ethnographic fieldwork to support what was previously only anecdotal evidence from individuals viewing the Academy from the outside. This book would appeal to anyone studying the sociolinguistics of the Quechua language, as well as to those studying broader issues of Indigenous language policy and planning, maintenance and revitalization.

This book is a timely and welcome contribution to sociology of language studies. Focusing on Peru, the author explores the relationship between language academies, as ideologically charged institutions, and language policy and planning. His engaging ethnographic study of the inner workings of the Quechua Language Academy of Cuzco turns a spotlight on the complex historical, political and cultural underpinnings of language ideologies in the southern Andes. 

Coronel-Molina's insider perspective as Quechua speaker-teacher-scholar, his careful ethnographic work and penetrating analysis combine here for a unique in-depth look at Cuzco's historic and sometimes controversial High Academy of the Quechua Language. Highlighting challenges and tensions in ideologies and practices of its founders, members, and programs to the present day, he offers valuable implications not just for Quechua standardization, revitalization and teaching, but for the corpus, status and acquisition planning work of language academies wherever they are found.

Engagingly written and meticulously researched, this rich, instructive ethnography takes readers directly into language planning and policy (LPP) as a complex and deeply ideological sociocultural process. Peeling back layers of history, linguistic practice, and power, Professor Coronel-Molina confronts directly the challenges inherent in status, corpus, and acquisition planning for a minoritized language. A major contribution to LPP research and practice, and to the field of applied linguistics.

With this research, Mr. Coronel-Molina seeks to provide enough information to help policy makers and educators work towards an efficient language policy planning for Andean governments. This study would be helpful in the development of corpus planning and acquisition planning, as well for the maintenance and revitalisation of the language he seeks to achieve.

Training Language and Culture, Vol 1, Issue 2, May 2017

The author has created a comprehensive resource on language ideology, policy and planning in Peru that will serve as a model for how to carry out basic research on a language academy. This volume offers a substantive and critical assessment of HAQL, which merits consultation by any sociolinguist interested in carrying out research on the study of language academies and the appropriate procedures to follow in the maintenance and revitalization of endangered languages. Coronel-Molina has produced an outstanding resource for language planning, language policy, and practice.

Language Problems and Language Planning 40:2

Serafín M. Coronel-Molina is Associate Professor at Indiana University Bloomington, USA. He is a sociolinguist and educational linguist, who has worked in the field for over 25 years, and his research interests include language ideologies, language policy and planning, and language revitalization. 

List of Figures

List of Tables



Part I. Setting the Scene

Chapter 1. Why Study a Language Academy?

Chapter 2. Theoretical Paradigms: Dynamics of Language Change

Chapter 3. What are Language Academies Good For?

Chapter 4. Language Policy and Planning in Peru: A Brief History

Part II.  High Academy of The Quechua Language: Foundations

Chapter 5. Quest for Official Recognition

Chapter 6. Anatomy of an Academy: Structure, Membership, Statutes

Part III. Inventing Tawantinsuyu and Qhapaq Simi: Ideologies of the HAQL

Chapter 7. Imagining a "Nation", Idealizing a Language

Chapter 8. Constructing and Deconstructing Expertise

Chapter 9. Allies or Enemies? Collaborating with the HAQL

Part IV. Empowering Inca Quechua: Language Planning à la HAQL

Chapter 10. Status Planning with the HAQL

Chapter 11. Corpus Planning's Alphabet Wars: Quechua Graphization

Chapter 12. Standardizing and Modernizing Quechua: An Ongoing Dilemma

Part V. Spreading the Language of the Apus: Acquisition Planning and Revitalization Struggles

Chapter 13. Preparing for Pedagogy

Chapter 14. Learning Quechua with the HAQL

Chapter 15. Where Do We Go From Here? Final Thoughts and Recommendations

Appendix 1. Log of Audio-Recorded Data

Appendix 2. Publications Associated with the HAQL Related to Status, Corpus and Acquisition Planning


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